The following conventions are used:
1 . Where changes of scientific or common names have occurred since the previous edition of the Handbook, the earlier names are listed and cross referenced to entry's new name.
2. We have avoided hyphenation whenever possible, preferring such fusions as 'stemborer', leafminer', 'stumptailed', 'blackheaded', etc. Occasionally hyphens have been included to avoid confusing or awkward constructions; for example, "two-spotted" is preferred to "twospotted" which could conceivably be read as "twos-potted". Where a common name is taxonomically incorrect, e.g. 'whitefly' (Hemiptera, not Diptera) and 'whitemoth' (Trichoptera, not Lepidoptera) the two words comprising the name are fused. When the common name is taxonomically correct, the words are used separately, e.g. 'bed bug' and 'hawk moth'. Exceptions are made when usage over many years has fused two words that would be separated if this convention was strictly applied, e.g. blowfly, mealybug.
3. Where a common name is applied to more than one species, this is indicated by bracketing the name, e.g. '(lesser brown blowfly)'. In such cases the common name is duplicated in the alphabetical listing of common names and each of the duplicate is hyperlinked to a different species page. Thus, the first listing of the common name "lesser brown blowfly" is linked to the species page for Calliphora auger (Fabricius) and the second listing to the page for Calliphora dubia (Macquart).
4. For each species there is an indication whether the organism is an native, exotic or introduced as a biological control agent and that it has been successfully established.
5. In the distribution maps, presence of the species in a State is indicated by a shading of the entire State or Territory. This does not imply that the species necessarily occurs throughout the State or Territory in question. A large question mark superimposed on the map of Australia indicates that the distribution of the species within Australia is unknown to us.
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